Welcome to the Linguistics subject page at King’s! Here you will find an overview of Linguistics (the scientific study of language) at King’s, the Cambridge Linguistics course (or 'Tripos'), the people who teach and research in Linguistics at King’s, and information about applying for an undergraduate place at King’s.
- Studying Linguistics
- King's tradition in Linguistics
- The Cambridge Tripos (Tripos = course)
- A student perspective
- King's fellows in Linguistics
- Applying to study Linguistics
- What are we looking for?
- Reading, resources and events
- Further information
The Rosetta stone (196 B.C.)
Linguistics gives you a host of valuable intellectual skills, including analytic reasoning and argumentation, and learning how to study language scientifically. This means making insightful observations, formulating and testing clear hypotheses, making arguments and drawing conclusions, and communicating findings to a wider community.
Linguistics graduates are well equipped for a wide range of career trajectories. Some go on to postgraduate studies in areas such as anthropology, biology, cognitive science, computer science, linguistics, mathematics, music, medicine, philosophy, and psychology. Many find fruitful employment in the real world, in areas as diverse as acting, composing, writing and publishing, programming (speech recognition, speech synthesis, search engines, artificial intelligence), interpreting and translating, espionage, forensics, speech therapy, education (school teaching, English as a Second Language, foreign language teaching, and so on), and standardised testing, as well as such generally popular careers as law, banking, the civil service, and management consultancy.
King’s has a rich tradition in Linguistics
King's was home to a pioneering Linguistics research project in its Research Centre and has produced a long string of graduates who went on to become world-famous professors of linguistics, such as:
- Daniel Jones, founder of the International Phonetic Association and author of the classic English Pronouncing Dictionary, considered by many to be the greatest phonetician of the modern era;
- Peter Trudgill, who conducted a pioneering sociolinguistic study of Norwich, identified the phenomenon of covert prestige, and demonstrated that an important class of linguistic innovations is spearheaded by middle-class women;
- Bernard Comrie, the world’s leading expert on language typology and universals;
- Edward Keenan, Professor of Linguistics, UCLA;
- Caroline Heycock, Professor of Linguistics at the University of Edinburgh;
- Nigel Fabb, Professor of Literary Linguistics, University of Strathclyde.
King’s was the first Cambridge college to appoint a Fellow in Linguistics. It features the largest community of undergraduate and postgraduate linguists of any Cambridge college, as well as speakers of a wide variety of languages.
King's College Library is available 24/7 and provides a very pleasant environment to work in College (see the virtual tour). Students at King's also have very easy access to the Linguistics department just a few minutes' walk away in the Raised Faculty Building on the Sidgwick Site (shown by the red marker on this map), as well as the University Library at the back of King's (by the Garden Hostels), and the centre of town and shops etc. if you go out the front of the College.
The Cambridge Linguistics Tripos
The Department of Theoretical and Applied Linguistics is in the Raised Faculty Building on the Sidgwick Site
The Linguistics Tripos (Tripos = course) is divided into a one-year Part I and a two-year Part II. Part I, in which you follow four lecture series, provides a foundation across a wide range of linguistics taught within the Department of Linguistics. Part II allows you to specialise in the areas which particularly interest you, and in Parts IIA and IIB (years two and three) there is a wide choice of lectures taught within and beyond the Department, the latter including the linguistics of particular languages. Part IIB includes an element of individual research as you write a dissertation on a topic of your choice. For a full list of course options (called ‘papers’ in Cambridge) see the Department website.
Linguistics papers typically consist of sixteen hours of lectures spread over two terms, augmented by a revision lecture in Easter Term and eight hours of supervisions (three in the autumn (Michaelmas) term, four in the winter (Lent) term, and one in the spring (Easter) term). Most students are supervised in groups of two students; individual supervisions involve a mix of working through data sets, discussing assigned 1500-word essays, and pursuing points of interest or confusion from the lectures.
A student perspective
After her first year at King's, Karolina wrote about her experiences of studying Linguistics, including what attracted her to the course, the transition from school, her workload, what it is like having supervisions, the social life, and the application process. This is well worth reading to get a sense of what studying Linguistics at King's is really like.
King’s Fellows with linguistic interests
Robert Foley (Human Evolutionary Studies); linguistics in relation to human diversity, evolution, and dispersals.
David Good (Psychology) is interested in how our understanding of human communication can contribute to the design and use of new informational and communication technologies, as well as the role of social factors in the evolution of language and intelligence.
Stephen Hugh-Jones (Anthropology); Amerindian languages, ethnography of speaking, language structure / semantics, ethnolinguistics
Simone Teufel (Computer Laboratory); use of Natural Language Parsing techniques for web-based applications.
Bert Vaux (Director of Studies); Reader in Phonology & Morphology and Schools Liaison Officer for the Department of Theoretical and Applied Linguistics, specialises in phonology, morphology, (English, Armenian, and Abkhaz) dialectology, and (Indo-European and Turkic) historical linguistics. His research focuses on using historical, geographic, and idiolectal nanovariation in phonological and lexical structure to investigate the nature of the human language faculty and general animal cognition.
King's typically has about 10-15 students in linguistics (two undergraduates per year as well as 5-10 graduate students). Our current students are pursuing research ranging from experimental pragmatics to tonal systems in Tibetan dialects.
Applying to study Linguistics at King’s
Applying with limited support?
We welcome applicants who look able to meet our entrance requirements from all kinds of schools all over the world. King’s admits between one and two undergraduates to study Linguistics in each year, though we have no firm subject quotas.
The application process for all subjects is explained on our how to apply page, which we advise applicants to read thoroughly in combination with the details below about subject choices and interests for Linguistics, the interviews and the Linguistics at-interview written assessment.
There are no particular subject requirements, since the field covers such a wide range of intellectual pursuits. However, students may find it helpful to have studied one or more of the following: English Language, Maths, any science, any foreign language. Students who end up loving the Linguistics Tripos tend also to be interested in music, maths, and/or languages. Further general advice on subject choices is also available.
Within King’s, we are looking for students who are fascinated by human language and linguistic structure: how it develops in children and across generations; how it varies across dialect and language boundaries; how and where it is processed in the mind. It is important to move beyond ‘I’ve always loved languages’ and to be able to think and talk analytically and creatively about linguistic questions (such as ‘in what linguistic positions does British English delete and insert r?’ or ‘why does the double plural “mice traps” work, but “rats traps” doesn’t?’ ).
If you are invited for interview at King's, this will take place in early December. Students who are invited for interview in Linguistics may be called upon to apply their analytical skills to data from an unknown language during the course of the interview.
Information about the interview options for international candidates are on the International Students page.
Students who are invited for interview in Linguistics are also asked to take the at-interview written assessment for Linguistics, which lasts one hour. You do not need to register for this written assessment as it will be organised automatically by the College if you are invited for interview.
Your performance in the assessment will not be considered in isolation, but will be taken into account alongside the other elements of your application.
What are we looking for?
The most important criteria are enthusiasm, dedication and potential and we consider each case on an individual basis. This course requires a considerable commitment in terms of time and energy, but it is well worth the effort!
We will be interested in:
- your existing examination results which we consider carefully, taking into account your personal and educational background;
- your academic interests and motivation as explained in your UCAS personal statement and explored further in interviews;
- your school reference and predicted grades for any exams you have yet to take;
- your performance in the admissions assessment for Linguistics;
- how you approach questions designed to make you think at interview - our interviewers will work closely with students invited for interviews to assess your suitability for the challenges of Cambridge Linguistics.
At King's, we are looking for promise and potential. So although existing and predicted grades form a central criterion for admissions, we are careful to interpret grades in light of your personal and educational background. We assess each application individually. We are interested to learn about your existing knowledge and skills, but we endeavour also to find out how you would deal with the new materials and ideas you would encounter at Cambridge.
Reading, resources and events
- We provide general advice about developing your interests.
There are no particular books that Linguistics applicants are required to read but here are some recommendations:
- David Crystal, The Cambridge encyclopedia of language (Cambridge, 1997)
- David Crystal, How Language Works: How Babies Babble, Words Change Meaning and Languages Live or Die (London, 2007).
- Steven Pinker, The Language Instinct: The New Science of Language and Mind (London, 2003).
- The subject resources page has a tag for posts on Literature and Languages which you might like to browse.
- Events which may be of interest in the year before you apply (year 12 in the UK) include the MML & Linguistics Faculty Open Day, Oxford and Cambridge Student Conferences, CU Masterclasses, and King's Open Days. Students from backgrounds where there is little tradition of entry to Higher Education might like to think about applying for the Sutton Trust Summer Schools or the CUSU Shadowing Scheme.
- Course outline and film
- Department website
- Cambridge Language Sciences - interdisciplinary research
- Applying with limited support or advice
- International Students
- Extenuating circumstances
- Students interested in Linguistics may also like to consider Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, Classics, or Modern and Medieval Languages.
If you have any further questions, please do not hesitate to contact Bert Vaux, the Director of Studies for Linguistics (firstname.lastname@example.org) or King's Admissions Office (email@example.com).